Information-rich and information-poor nations Information interpretation The gap between rich and poor nations, and between rich and poor citizens in industrialized countries, is very wide. As educational opportunities, business and employment opportunities, medical services, and many other necessities of life move more and more into cyberspace, gaps between the rich and the poor may become even worse, leading to new ethical considerations. Common Computer Ethics Fallacies Although computer education is starting to be incorporated in lower grades in elementary schools, the lack of early computer education for most current adults led to several documented generally accepted fallacies that apply to nearly all computer users.
Metaphysics substance, cause, form, potentiality Nicomachean Ethics soul, happiness, virtue, friendship Eudemain Ethics Politics best states, utopias, constitutions, revolutions Rhetoric elements of forensic and political debate Poetics tragedy, epic poetry 3. From their perspective, logic and reasoning was the chief preparatory instrument of scientific investigation.
Aristotle himself, however, uses the term "logic" as equivalent to verbal reasoning. They seem to be arranged according to the order of the questions we would ask in gaining knowledge of an object.
For example, we ask, first, what a thing is, then how great it is, next of what kind it is. Substance is always regarded as the most important of these.
Substances are further divided into first and second: Notions when isolated do not in themselves express either truth or falsehood: The elements of such a proposition are the noun substantive and the verb. The combination of words gives rise to rational speech and thought, conveys a meaning both in its parts and as a whole.
The truth or falsity of propositions is determined by their agreement or disagreement with the facts they represent.
Thus propositions are either affirmative or negative, each of which again may be either universal or particular or undesignated. A definition, for Aristotle is a statement of the essential character of a subject, and involves both the genus and the difference.
To get at a true definition we must find out those qualities within the genus which taken separately are wider than the subject to be defined, but taken together are precisely equal to it.
For example, "prime," "odd," and "number" are each wider than "triplet" that is, a collection of any three items, such as three rocks ; but taken together they are just equal to it. The genus definition must be formed so that no species is left out.
Having determined the genus and species, we must next find the points of similarity in the species separately and then consider the common characteristics of different species. Definitions may be imperfect by 1 being obscure, 2 by being too wide, or 3 by not stating the essential and fundamental attributes.
Obscurity may arise from the use of equivocal expressions, of metaphorical phrases, or of eccentric words. The heart of Aristotle's logic is the syllogism, the classic example of which is as follows: All men are mortal; Socrates is a man; therefore, Socrates is mortal.
The syllogistic form of logical argumentation dominated logic for 2, years until the rise of modern propositional and predicate logic thanks to Frege, Russell, and others. Aristotle begins by sketching the history of philosophy. For Aristotle, philosophy arose historically after basic necessities were secured.Ethics are the rules of conduct recognized in respect to a particular class of human actions or a particular group or culture.
When individuals make the decision to become a part of the media world, they must be sure to operate with a certain degree of uprightness and morality.
This includes labeling commentary and analysis. The course is designed to provide students with insights into the complex environment that organizations of any size operate. Organizational leaders’ and organizational members’ responsibility to use ethical thinking to balance stakeholder interests with organizational duty are examined.
Topics to be covered will include: Philosophy of law, ethical theory, comparative media law and ethics, computer and information technology ethics, conflict of interest, confidentiality of sources, media liability for emotional and physical harm, visual communication ethics, the ethics of indecency, obscenity and pornography, and so on.
Scope. This legislative rule establishes the qualifications necessary to obtain licensure as a Speech-Language Pathologist and/or Audiologist in the State of West Virginia. Introduction to Ethical Studies An Open Source Reader Lee Archie John G. Archie. MEDIA THEORIES:Libertarian Theory, Social Responsibility Theory Introduction to Mass Communication Mass Communication.