His plays still have the Chorus front and center, as protagonists. He is mainly theological.
Life[ edit ] A marble relief of a poet, perhaps Sophocles Sophocles, the son of Sophilus, was a wealthy member of the rural deme small community of Hippeios Colonus in Atticawhich was to become a setting for one of his plays, and he was probably born there.
Instead of following the usual custom of choosing judges by lot, the archon asked Cimon and the other strategoi present to decide the victor of the contest.
Plutarch further contends that following this loss Aeschylus soon left for Sicily. For this, he was given the posthumous epithet Dexion receiver by the Athenians.
The most famous is the suggestion that he died from the strain of trying to recite a long sentence from his Antigone without pausing to take a breath. Another account suggests he choked while eating grapes at the Anthesteria festival in Athens.
A third holds that he died of happiness after winning his final victory at the City Dionysia. In that work, a character named Myrtilus, in a lengthy banquet speech claims that Ion of Chios writes in his book Encounters, that Sophocles loved boys as much as Euripides loved women.
Myrtilus also repeats an anecdote reportedly told by Ion of Chios that involves Sophocles flirting with a serving boy at a symposium. It was not until after the death of the old master Aeschylus in BC that Sophocles became the pre-eminent playwright in Athens. Of the others, Electra shows stylistic similarities to these two plays, which suggests that it was probably written in the latter part of his career.
All three plays concern the fate of Thebes during and after the reign of King Oedipus. Not only are the Theban plays not a true trilogy three plays presented as a continuous narrative but they are not even an intentional series and contain some inconsistencies among them.
His family is fated to be doomed for three generations.
In Oedipus RexOedipus is the protagonist. Oedipus meets a man at a crossroads accompanied by servants; Oedipus and the man fight, and Oedipus kills the man who was his father, Laius, although neither knew at the time. He becomes the ruler of Thebes after solving the riddle of the sphinx and in the process, marries the widowed queen, his mother Jocasta.
Thus the stage is set for horror. When the truth comes out, following from another true but confusing prophecy from Delphi, Jocasta commits suicide, Oedipus blinds himself and leaves Thebes.
At the end of the play, order is restored. This restoration is seen when Creon, brother of Jocasta, becomes king, and also when Oedipus, before going off to exile, asks Creon to take care of his children. Oedipus dies and strife begins between his sons Polyneices and Eteocles.
The king of the land, Creon, has forbidden the burial of Polyneices for he was a traitor to the city. Antigone decides to bury his body and face the consequences of her actions. Creon sentences her to death. Eventually, Creon is convinced to free Antigone from her punishment, but his decision comes too late and Antigone commits suicide.
Her suicide triggers the suicide of two others close to King Creon: Nor were they composed as a trilogy — a group of plays to be performed together, but are the remaining parts of three different groups of plays.
As a result, there are some inconsistencies:Abstract. The defining characteristics of Odysseus in classical literature are interpreted in wildly different ways by different authors: he is portrayed as a hero in Homer’s The Odyssey, a villain in Sophocles’ Philoctetes, a self-serving opportunist in Sophocles’ Ajax, a deceitful figure in Virgil’s Aeneid, and a scoundrel in Euripides’ Hecuba.
Sophocles, the son of Sophilus, was a wealthy member of the rural deme (small community) of Hippeios Colonus in Attica, which was to become a setting for one of his plays, and he was probably born there.
Sophocles was born a few years before the Battle of Marathon in BC: the exact year is unclear, although /6 is the most likely. . Sophocles was an ancient Greek dramatist who lived from about to about BCE.
He wrote over plays and was one of the three famous Greek tragedians (along with Aeschylus and Euripides).He is credited with diverging from the typical format of a tragedy: he increased the number of speaking actors, increased the number of chorus members, and used painted scenery.
Ancient Greek Drama: A Comparison of the Euripides and Sophocles - Theater was an important part of Ancient Greek Civilization. History of Greek theatre . - Introduction: Since Sophocles and Euripides’s tragedies Electra and Orestes got so much success, name and received great critical acclaim they have been extensively approached and discussed in terms of characterization, themes, symbols, plot, incestuous love, demolition, betrayal and especially lamentation.
Euripides, youngest of the three great Greek tragedians, was born c. BC though he was scarcely a generation younger than Sophocles, his world view better reflects the political, social, and intellectual crises of late 5th-century Athens.