Ethical issues in organ transplantation.
This was recently lowered in from the original recommendation of 1. Given this, there are several ethical issues that fluoridation neglects: Unlicensed medicinal substance medicinal substance noun: Yet, these particular chemicals silicofluorides are given to adults and children as unlicensed medicines - without any such safety testing, pharmaceutical-level quality control in manufacture, or medical monitoring in administration.
At least in this classification, there are strict ethical procedures and sanctions intended for protection the public.
Voluntary and informed consent The ethical Ethics of nkf raised by fluoridation can ultimately be referenced in the Nuremberg Code. The State has taken the power upon itself to assume the rights of the individual.
However, unless there is a valid public health concern, the request of the individual must take precedence over actions imposed by the state. Clearly, because tooth decay is not a life-threatening or contagious disease, the use of fluoridation as a prophylactic medical intervention without the fully informed consent of the public violates civil liberties.
Safety There are many health concerns that are debated currently with fluoride ingestion, fluoridation and toxicity — however, I am not going to go into detail here in this post. Rather — this post is dedicated to the ethical issue at hand so I will only address this briefly.
At the heart of any medical ethics debate is the nature of the substance being administered: The National Sanitation Foundation NSF standard requires that the chemicals added to drinking water be supported by toxicological evaluation.
However, no randomized, controlled human trials RCTs have been completed on the products hydrofluosilicic acid and sodium fluorosilicate used in water fluoridation — which makes this section of the post rather short.
The more I began to read about how fluoride is added to our drinking supply, it made me wonder - who the hell is responsible to maintain the safety particularly the processes of public water fluoridation? Unfortunately, I was unable to find the exact answer to this — however, here are three recent lawsuits in the US pertaining to water fluoridation which may add to the confusion of who is wholly responsible.
The training recommendation mind you -not required, just recommended by the CDC is that managers working in fluoridated public water systems should have 6 hours of fluoridation training — that is the end of it.
Who is responsible — and what about the case that the public are NOT required to be notified of fluoride overfeeds occurring —?! Consequently, the dose of a medication that is considered safe for one person may be harmful for someone else — in some cases dangerous.
The data and understanding on this particular issue is still developing, nearly 70 years after the initiation of fluoridation.
However, the premise that fluoridation is safe at the same dose for everyone irrespective of age, health, and nutritional status is not well held by scientific evidence — in fact, data point to the contrary.
Formula fed infants younger then 12 months Not only do infants receive a larger dose then their adult counterparts, they have an impaired ability to excrete fluoride through their kidneys.
Particularly, dialysis machines cannot use fluoridated water because it is understood to be potentially dangerous to patients. An NKF statement indicates some people receiving dialysis treatments died or were poisoned from fluoride after it leeched through machine filters.
When iodine intake is inadequate during early childhood, the brain can suffer permanent damage. An iodine deficiency coupled with fluoride exposure produces a significantly more damaging effect on neurological development than iodine deficiency alone.
Diabetes insipidus is one such medical condition that produces polydipsa and has been confirm by research to be adversely affected by fluoridation.
The underlying point here is that there are members of the population that are more susceptible to adverse reaction when fluoride is added to their water source.
Water fluoridation does not allow medical personnel to monitor reactions.In Singapore, we have the NKF saga where the role of the auditors was misunderstood simply because they were auditors.
Discussion on the ISCA Code of Professionalism Conduct and Ethics; Closing Date for Registration 1 week before programme or until full enrolment. Intended For. International Journal of Nephrology is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that publishes original research articles, review articles, and clinical studies focusing on the prevention, diagnosis, and management of kidney diseases and associated disorders.
Gerard Ee Hock Kim (Chinese: 余福金; pinyin: Yú Fú Jīn) is a public figure championing social service rights and issues in Singapore. He is the son of the late Ee Peng Liang, a Singaporean philanthropist and the Father of Charity in Singapore.
CODE OF ETHICS. The Society for Transplant Social Workers follows the National Association of Social Workers Code of Ethics, as published on their web site.
If the ethics committee, in its discretion, considers the charge to be sufficiently serious, it may refer the matter to the Board of Directors, which, after due consideration, will have the power to expel the member or to determine any lesser punishment.
National Kidney Foundation - Patient Programs and Services. NKF Cares; PEERS Lending Support: A national, telephone-based peer support program from rutadeltambor.comts people who want support with people that have been there.