The most general statement of our politics at the present time would be that we are actively committed to struggling against racial, sexual, heterosexual, and class oppression, and see as our particular task the development of integrated analysis and practice based upon the fact that the major systems of oppression are interlocking. The synthesis of these oppressions creates the conditions of our lives. As Black women we see Black feminism as the logical political movement to combat the manifold and simultaneous oppressions that all women of color face. We will discuss four major topics in the paper that follows:
Early examples[ edit ] Although the term plunderphonics tends to be applied only to music made since Oswald coined it in the s, there are several examples of earlier music made along similar lines. Notably, Dickie Goodman and Bill Buchanan 's single " The Flying Saucer ", features Goodman as a radio reporter covering an alien invasion interspersed with samples from various contemporary records.
Various club DJs in the s re-edited the records they played, and although this often consisted of nothing more than extending the record by adding a chorus or two, this too could be considered a form of plunderphonics. Some classical composers have performed a kind of plunderphonia on writtenrather than recorded, music.
Perhaps the best known example is the third movement of Luciano Berio 's Sinfoniawhich is entirely made up from quotes of other composers and writers. Alfred Schnittke and Mauricio Kagel have also made extensive use of earlier composers' works. Earlier composers who often plundered the music of others include Charles Ives who often quoted folk songs and hymns in his works and Ferruccio Busoni a movement from his piano suite An die Jugend includes a prelude and a fugue by Johann Sebastian Bach played simultaneously.
During the '90s Oswald composed many such scores for classical musicians which he classified with the term Rascali Klepitoire.
He applied the same technique to TV in on the "Qui vive? Oswald's original use of the word was to indicate a piece which was created from samples of a single artist and no other material. Influenced by William S. Burroughs ' cut-up techniquehe began making plunderphonic recordings in the s.
In he distributed copies of the Plunderphonics EP to the press and to radio stations. It contained four tracks: Plunderphonic album [ edit ] In Oswald released a greatly expanded album version of Plunderphonics with twenty-five tracks. It reworked material by both popular musicians like The Beatlesand classical works such as Ludwig van Beethoven 's Symphony No.
Like the EP, it was never offered for sale. A central idea behind the record was that the fact that all the sounds were " stolen " should be quite blatant.
The packaging listed the sources of all the samples used, but authorization for them to be used on the record was neither sought nor given.
All undistributed copies of plunderphonic were destroyed  after a threat of legal action from the Canadian Recording Industry Association on behalf of several of their clients notably Michael Jacksonwhose song " Bad " had been chopped into tiny pieces and rearranged as "Dab" who alleged copyright abuses.
Various press statements by record industry representatives revealed that a particular item of contention was the album cover art which featured a transformed image of Michael Jackson derived from his Bad cover.
It is often assumed that "plunderphonics" is a brand name that Oswald applies exclusively to his recordings[ citation needed ], but he has stated several times that he considers the term to describe a genre of music, with many exponents.
Works by other artists[ edit ] Another important early purveyor of what can be described as plunderphonics were Negativland See Negativland's " Fair Use: The Story of the Letter U and the Numeral 2 ".
While Oswald used easily recognisable and familiar sources, Negativland's sources were sometimes more obscure. Their next album, Escape From Noiselike most of their later records, also makes extensive use of spoken-word samples, often to make particular political points.
Both Oswald and Negativland made their recordings by cutting up magnetic tape or later using digital technologybut several DJs have also produced plunderphonic works using turntables ; in fact, "digging" for samples plays a large part in DJ culture.
Christian Marclay is a turntablist who has been using other people's records as the sole source of his music making since the late s. He often treats the records in unusual ways, for example, he has physically cut up a group of records and stuck them together, making both a visual and aural collage.
Sometimes several spoken-word or lounge music records bought from thrift stores are mashed together to make a Marclay track, but his More Encores album cuts up tracks by the likes of Maria Callas and Louis Armstrong in a way similar to Oswald's work on Plunderphonics.
The Bran Flakes and People Like Us have both used thrift store records to create their music; the Canadian pop band TAS did the same with thrift store answering machine tapes.
Kid has created quite a bit of plunderphonic work most notably "The Action Packed Mentallist Bring You the Fucking Jams"similarly never seeking permission, although his work is sold commercially.The best-in-class, proprietary Learning A-Z Text Leveling System was developed over ten years with input from teachers and instructional experts.
An academic and thorough breakdown of the intertextuality in The Force Awakens that was used to bind the old and new together. This is simply a magnificent collection of chapters, laced together under the guiding light of Stuart Hall′s outstanding scholarship. The chapters each exemplify the very best modes of cultural studies writing, theoretically informed, lucid, vividly alive and relevant to students and to general readers across the arts, humanities and social sciences.
4 Now to him that worketh is the reward not reckoned of grace, but of debt. 5 But to him that worketh not, but believeth on him that justifieth the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness. 10 How was it then reckoned?
|Biblical Studies Glossary||A Journal of Mormon Scripture 20 Literary studies, especially intertextual approaches, are relevant for exploring how scriptures are constructed and interpreted.|
|An Annotated Bibliography of LGBTQ Rhetorics – Present Tense||History[ edit ] The origin of the art form dates to the cubist constructions of Pablo Picasso c. However, both Marcel DuchampPablo Picasso and others had been working with found objects for many years prior to Dubuffet.|
|Sign up to receive our eNews, updates, and offers.||History[ edit ] The origin of the art form dates to the cubist constructions of Pablo Picasso c.|
|Why Use the Text Leveling System||Daniel Chandler Intertextuality Although Saussure stressed the importance of the relationship of signs to each other, one of the weaknesses of structuralist semiotics is the tendency to treat individual texts as discrete, closed-off entities and to focus exclusively on internal structures. Even where texts are studied as a 'corpus' a unified collectionthe overall generic structures tend themselves to be treated as strictly bounded.|
|How Texts Are Leveled||Friday, April 8, Copyright in Fictional Characters: Before trying to answer that somewhat surprisingly complicated question, let me introduce you to one of my guests.|
when he was in circumcision, or in uncircumcision? Not in circumcision. Henry Jenkins is the Provost Professor of Communication, Journalism, Cinematic Arts and Education at the University of Southern California.
He arrived at USC in Fall after spending more than a decade as the Director of the MIT Comparative Media Studies Program and the Peter de Florez Professor.
Literary studies, especially intertextual approaches, are relevant for exploring how scriptures are constructed and interpreted.
Reading 1 Peter intertextually.