Wishful Thinking Introduction Greetings! Want to better your ability to detect errors in reasoning, so you can avoid them in your arguments and expose them in your opponents' arguments?
Ferracane April 18, Logical fallacies are a part of everyday life. Many of us do not even realize their existence or means of use. A logical fallacy is faulty reasoning to an argument that is not only wrong, but sounds so convincing that a number of people who hear it are fooled by this reasoning and believe it to be true.
Many times logical fallacies are used during the decision making process either intentionally or unintentionally. People mistake logical fallacies with critical thinking and incorporate these fallacies into their decision making process.
The three fallacies that will be detailed are slippery slope, hasty generalization and questionable cause. The first logical fallacy is the slippery slope. The slippery slope claims that a relatively harmless act if left unchecked will eventually lead to a disastrous event or once one step is approved this will lead to a chain of events.
The reasoning is based on insufficient evidence that one action will lead to another. A group will start the decision making process on a relatively easy problem. However, as the group discusses this problem one step leads to another and by the end of the decision making process, the group is trying to avert a disaster.
People tend to make more out the problem then there is. The group fixes the relatively simple problem and some time later decide to take the solution to the next step.
If fixing the minor problem were good, then correcting a bigger scope problem would be even better. The group gets back together and decides to enlarge their scope even more and correct what they perceive to be an even larger problem. Based on the groups critical thinking, it was determined that correcting each succession of problems would make the world a much better place, when in fact the group has angered many others with their strict policies.
This example of slippery slope was taken from the trial Tennessee vs Scope MacLachlan, The main premise of the trial was the legality of teaching evolution in the schools.
On the second day of the trial the following slippery slope example was delivered in court. The courts can rule that is illegal to teach the theory of evolution in public schools and then in a few days, the courts can rule that is illegal to teach evolution in private schools.
Then after a year has passed, the courts may decide it is illegal to teach evolution in religious schools. As can be seen in this example, if the first step can happen then it is thought the second step will happen and so forth.
This line of thought was used to convince people that they would lose some freedoms based on the logical fallacy presented in court. The second logical fallacy is the hasty generalization. Hasty generalization is basing a solution or decision on a group that is biased or to small.
The key to making a decision involving the opinion of a group of people is using an unbiased group or a group that is large enough to reflect the general populace ideals.
A company has a problem to solve and begins the decision making process. The options are presented and the company decides to use the opinions of five people off the street to decide if the company's product is better then their competitors.Logical fallacies can be used to manipulate a situation and if a person or group does not recognize logical fallacies, the person or group can be manipulated during the decision-making process.
This paper will discuss three common logical fallacies and how. Welcome to New York City HOLD National. Honest Open Logical Decisions on Mathematics Education Reform. Today's flagship web site for the mathematics education advocacy community.
Journal of Historical Sociology Vol. 27 No. 4 December DOI: /johs Unthinking Modernity: Historical-Sociological, Epistemological and Logical Pathways GENNARO ASCIONE* Abstract Modernity remains the privileged theoretical frame and narrative for long term processes at the global scale, notwithstanding the heterogeneously contested definition of its spatiotemporal .
Fallacies And Assumptions - Fallacies and Assumptions People around the world encounter logical fallacies on almost a daily basis. This paper will look at three common logical fallacies. Communication, in General. The single biggest problem in communication is the illusion that it has taken place.
— George Bernard Shaw. If you cannot - in the long run - tell everyone what you have been doing, your doing has been worthless.
Argument from fallacy is the formal fallacy of analyzing an argument and inferring that, since it contains a fallacy, its conclusion must be false.
It is also called argument to logic (argumentum ad logicam), the fallacy fallacy, the fallacist's fallacy, and the bad reasons fallacy..
Fallacious arguments can arrive at true conclusions, so this is an informal fallacy of relevance.