To ensure that decision-making is uniform throughout your organization, you should implement a process that everyone can follow.
Jerry Zhang Chongming Chen Advantages and Disadvantages of Rational Decision-Making Model Introduction As an organization, Rational decision making is business organizations day there will be diverse of alternatives for decision makers to choose from and make the final decision.
Some of the alternatives might have huge financial impacts for the organization, for example, how much stock should the warehouse have during the following Christmas period.
And some of them might cause risks or even failures to the operation, such as the takeover of other companies. As a result, decision making, which will master the success of the organization, is one of the most important duties for managers and other related staff.
In this essay, the ways of making decisions and the related issues will be discussed. We will firstly know what is decision making and when and how to make decisions. Then one of the decision making models will be discussed: After detailed explaining this term, we will lastly state the advantages and disadvantages related to this approach of making decisions.
What is Decision Making As stated above, decision making is one of the important functions of a manager.
To say it simply, it is the process of choosing the final solutions from some existing alternatives. Walker, Information Used in Decision Making Among the steps of making a decision, evaluate the alternative solutions is crucial in the process of making a decision.
Good decision is not only determined by the experience and skills of the decision maker, but also the adequacy and validity of the information obtained from different business environment.
The information can be the knowledge we already know or some data which can be analyzed to derive some helpful and useful facts. For example, from the data obtained from the sales for the last year, we can predict the sales trend and profit that might happen in this year to help the decision maker to make the promotion budget.
We can predict that the decision is better when it is made based on facts, opinions and reasonable reasons. So rational decision making model can be used to make good decisions which might have the most desirable results.
That is to say, the decision has to be based on reasonable data, facts and reasons. The goal of rational decision making is to choose the best solution which will maximize the benefits and minimize any costs.
There are some steps that decision makers can follow to make rational decisions. Following we will discuss some of the steps. Steps of Rational Decision Making According to Michelle Krehbielthere are a few steps decision makers can follow in the decision making process.
The more alternatives can be generated, the more chance that the best fitted solution can be found. While evaluating, a lot of information should be collected first.
Since the goals and desired results have already set in the above step, every alternative should be compared to see whether the optimal result could be reached with minimum costs.
The information can be get by observation, statistics, surveys, etc. The chosen solution is so called the decision. The decision should be the alternative that best fulfil the requirements.
Every stakeholders should be informed, sometimes they are also involved in the decision making process. Also some data and feedbacks from this decision can help to decide the solution so some similar problems. Advantages of Rational Decision Making As stated above, rational decision making is based on scientifically obtained information, so this decision making model can reduce the chance of errors, uncertainties, assumptions, subjectivity and distortions.Rational decision making - The benchmark for making effective decisions.
Rational decision making brings a structured or reasonable thought process to the act of deciding.
The choice to decide rationally makes it possible to support the decision maker by making the knowledge involved with the choice open and specific. This can be very important when making high value decisions that can benefit from the . Rational Decision Making in Business Organizations By HERBERT A.
SIMON* In the opening words of his Principles, L Decision Theory as Ek:ononiic Science Alfred Marshall proclaimed economics to be a psychological science: The density of settlement of economists over the whole empire of economic science is Political Economy or Economics is a very uneven, with a few areas of modest size study of .
Decision-making is an essential aspect of running a successful business, but effective decisions can't be made without following a 7-step process that can help business owners identify and. Disadvantages of Rational Decision Making Generally, better decision can be made if the decision maker follows the rational decision maker model.
However, sometimes the business environment is very complex that confuse the decision makers. RATIONAL DECISION-MAKING IN BUSINESS ORGANIZATIONS Nobel Memorial Lecture, 8 December, by HERBERT A. SIMON Carnegie-Mellon University*, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA.
"Rational decision making in business organizations", Herbert A. Simon, "Rational decision making in business organizations." Nobel Prize lecture , published in: The American economic review 69(4) and had more or less extensive opportunities to observe how decisions were actually made in business organizations.
Moreover, those who.