The earliest civilizations which influenced the development of western culture were those of Mesopotamia ; the area of the Tigris—Euphrates river systemlargely corresponding to modern-day Iraqnortheastern Syriasoutheastern Turkey and southwestern Iran: What we think of as Western thought today originates primarily from Greco-Roman and Germanic influences, and includes the ideals of the Middle Agesthe Renaissanceand the Enlightenmentas well as Christian culture. Alexander the Great In Homeric literature, and right up until the time of Alexander the Greatfor example in the accounts of the Persian Wars of Greeks against Persians by Herodotuswe see the paradigm of a contrast between the West and East.
Fish[ edit ] Fish and chips The most popular types of fish in England, mainly imported through Grimsby are salmoncodhaddocktuna and prawns.
Dover sole is so named because it could historically be sourced from the fishing port of Dover. Potted shrimpsprawn cocktailwhitebaitscallops and slices of smoked salmonsuch as London Cure are starters served with a squeeze of lemon and brown bread.
Oysters are cultivated along the east coast of England, for example at Whitstable. Crabs are particularly associated with the Norfolk town of Cromer. Samphire is collected in coastal areas and served with fish. International influences on English cuisine[ edit ] French cuisine has influenced English cooking to some degree since the midth century, although in England "the meal still centred on pies and joints of meat, as it had done there in medieval times.
English cooking did not change much over the ages, whereas French food did". Anglo-Indian cuisine developed from the midth century, including the use of curry powder and piccalilli.
Coronation chicken is usually flavoured with curry powder or paste. Broth  consists of meat and vegetables cooked in stock, sometimes thickened with barley or other cereals. Worcestershire sauce and brown sauce along with ketchupare distinctive English condiments. Fruit salad is a mixture of fresh fruit and canned fruits such as peaches and apricots served in syrup.
Fruits grown in England include apples, pears, plums, cherries, damsons, blackberries, black currants, gooseberries, raspberries, strawberries often served with cream and rhubarb . A cream tea includes a pot of tea and scones or buns called splits served with jam and clotted cream from Devon or Cornwall sometimes accompanied by dainty finger sandwicheswith fillings such as cucumber and smoked salmon cake, small pastries and fruit tarts.
Britain is the common name for the sovereign state of the United Kingdom, the political entity comprising England, Wales, Scotland (which make up the island of Great Britain) and Northern Ireland. Women's Voice supports the empowerment of women, from local to global. Women’s Voice is a non-profit Charitable Incorporated Organisation (CIO), run by women for women in Hastings & St Leonards. Registered charity number: This is the full essay on gaming addiction and full list of all the pros and cons of playing video games. Playing online video games have negative effects.
English cakes include a variety of fruit cakes such as Genoa cakeand sponge cakessuch as Victoria sponge Madeira cakeBattenberg cakechocolate sponge, coffee cakelemon drizzle cake, and fairy cakes.
Wartime rationing popularised carrot cake. Parkin and toffee apples are eaten on Guy Fawkes Night. Particular types of gingerbread are associated with GrasmereMarket Drayton and Cornwall. Eccles cakes and Banbury cakes are small round cakes filled with currants.
Other items served for afternoon tea  include teacakescrumpets and pikelets,  English muffins tea loafmalt loafseed cakerock cakesflapjacksjam tartsmaids of honour tartsdoughnuts and lardy cakes. Cheese scones are made using grated cheese with a strong flavour such as Cheddar or Red Leicester.
There are several types of fruited bun such as currant bunsChelsea bunsBath buns and hot cross buns the latter marking Good Friday. Historically farms turned surplus milk into cheese and households made simple cream cheese and cottage cheese.The Private Eye is an interdisciplinary hands-on curriculum using a jeweler's loupe and inquiry method to accelerate creativity, literacy, scientific literacy, problem-solving and .
The culture of England is defined by the idiosyncratic cultural norms of England and the English people.. Owing to England's influential position within the United Kingdom it can sometimes be difficult to differentiate English culture from the culture of the United Kingdom as a whole.
However, since Anglo-Saxon times, England has had its own unique culture. Women's Voice supports the empowerment of women, from local to global. Women’s Voice is a non-profit Charitable Incorporated Organisation (CIO), run by women for women in Hastings & St Leonards. Registered charity number: Scott Murray: When Johan Cruyff sold Jan Olsson the mother of all dummies with the subtlest of swerves, his trick became the enduring symbol of Total Football.
Unmaking England Will immigration demolish in decades a nation built over centuries? Stay up to date with the top Australian arts and culture news, industry information, and concert details.